Tyramine information, FAQ and product listing page. This page contains information and frequently asked questions about tyramine as well as a complete list of products containing tyramine.
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Tyramine (4-hydroxy-phenethylamine) is derived from tyrosine and is an amino acid. Inside your body it acts like a neurotransmitter.
Tyramine can be found in many food sources like red wine, bean curd, sausage, pepperoni, raisins, avocados, green bean pods, pickled herring, yogurt, cheese, and fava beans.
Many over-the-counter (OTC) fat loss supplements contain tyramine because of it’s ability to increase levels of dopamine. It provides energy through the release of adrenalin (norephinephine). It helps provoke weight loss by increasing the secretion of adrenalin – it does this by increasing levels of muscular glucose uptake when there is a lack of simple carbohydrates.
Tyramine eliminates and reduces the need for insulin levels to rise, which is very beneficial to the body. Elevated levels of insulin can decrease the amount of growth hormone levels, IGF-1, and testosterone levels in men. Elevated insulin levels can also lead to decreased protein synthesis and an increase in atrophy of muscles – very damaging to your dieting efforts. Athletes that are dieting know that controlling insulin with tyramine is essential to becoming and remaining lean and fit.
Blood pressure is also affected by tyramine, though clinical research shows that tyramine’s effect on blood pressure is varied at best. Effects, if any, are believed to be a result of the conversion of tyramines into octopamine and synephrine.
Those looking to lose weight may benefit from supplementing with tyramine.
No RDA (recommended daily allowance) has been set for tyramine. It’s important to abide by label recommendations of the particular supplement you’re taking.
Those taking certain drugs may experience certain side effects. If you’re taking MAOI (monoamine oxidase inhibitors) for depression or those that experience headaches often or are susceptible to hypertension should not use tyramine. As tyramine effects your oxidase pathway, it has an effect on your blood pressure levels.
When taken in high amounts, tyramine can create headaches, increased heart rate, and blood pressure.
Sources used:Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyraminehttp://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sum..., J. Gordon (Summer 2002), NOHA NEWS XXVII: 3-6