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Common Weight Lifting Mistakes Made By Beginners

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Avoid the common mistakes most beginners to weight training make and start growing as soon as you hit the gym!

Weight training MistakesThe world of weightlifting is huge. Believe me, I know that there is a lot of information to take in and it is extremely difficult to learn enough even to know what you are doing. As a beginner, jumping into this gigantic pool of knowledge and information can be very discouraging and even dangerous. This article is designed to help you avoid some of the basic mistakes that a lot of beginners run into. I will highlight some of the more common mistakes that beginners make, ranging from what you do in the gym, to diet and supplementation.

Remember that the forum is always there and we have tons of very experienced members that are willing to help you reach your goals. All it takes is a little effort and research and the rest of the help will come.

1. Overtraining

A common mistake is that having sessions lasting hours long or performing tons of the same exercises several days a week will get you better gains. "Less is more" when it comes to weight training. Remember that your central nervous system and joints come into the picture, and suffer a lot more from the abuse of weight training then your muscles.

Your muscles grow when you are resting, not when you are at the gym. This is because when you lift weights, you create tears in the muscle tissue. When you rest, the muscle repairs itself and becomes larger than before. How long it takes to repair will depend largely on your diet and how much sleep you get per night.

To help avoid overtraining, use some of the routines already on this site, and remember not to take an intermediate or advanced workout routine until you have more experience. About 3 months before an intermediate routine and several years before an advanced routine. Remember that it is also recommended that about every 12 weeks, you take a week off of weight training to heal any of those little nagging injuries and to give your central nervous system a break.

Realted overtraining article: Overtraining, Why Less Is More - By Shaun McEwan

2. Cheating

Cheating occurs when you are using a weight that is too heavy for you to lift, but you continue to lift the weight and sacrifice form to do it. You will see it all the time in gyms, people who lean back and throw their elbows foreword when doing bicep curls, people that bounce the bar off their chest when benching etc. This not only limits the gains you can make, but it also can lead to injury.

To help avoid cheating, learn how to properly perform an exercise, and train with that form using little to no weight to start. After you feel you have the form down, slowly bump up the weight until you can perform the exercise with the reps you need exactly the same way as you were performing with the little to no weight. Remember that although you should train to failure, you shouldn't sacrifice form to do it.

If you want to maximize your training, you should know that on the fast concentric (positive) movement trains the nervous system; the slow eccentric (negative) movement trains the muscle. So you should perform the upward part of the movement fast, and the downward part of the movement slow. For example, when doing pull-ups, pull yourself up quickly, and slowly lower yourself down. This puts as much stress as possible on the muscle and teaches your nervous system how to lift a load.

Remember that cheating not only hinders your gains, but it makes you look foolish as well. Nobody likes to see some guy screaming as he hammer throws 70 pound dumbbells for his bicep routine.

3. Lifting Heavy Early

If you are under the age of 18, stick to the 8-12 rep range. Lifting weights higher then this can cause damage to growth. This is because as a teenager the growth plates on the end of the bones haven't yet closed, and performing heavy maximum lifts can cause closure prematurely of these growth plates (epiphysis), and can also cause injuries to the bones themselves.

Combine this with the fact that most people starting out will not do well handling the immense load that is associated with low rep ranges, they will usually put themselves at risk of immediate danger, not only growth plate damage. Play it safe, and work with proper form and the results will come.

4. Using the low rep ranges to get big, training high reps to burn fat

This couldn't be further from the truth. First off, diet plays the most important role in determining how shredded or how big you are. You can pound all the weight you want, if you eat crap you will look like crap. Second, to train for size, the 6-12 rep range is optimal. The low rep ranges train muscular strength, which helps little in increasing muscular size. Remember that fat burn is achieved mostly by cardio and high intensity weight training. This can mean low rest times, supersets etc.

5. Using a professional bodybuilder or power lifters routine

You might think that because a bodybuilder is huge and used a certain routine means that you will get huge using that same workout. This is not true. Bodybuilders have been training for years and their routines will most likely be far more advanced for you to attempt. You should also consider the fact that not everything will work for everybody. Just because a guy is big and got good results from doing something doesn't mean that you will too.

6. Starving yourself in order to lose weight

Yes it sounds silly, but you would be surprised at the number of people that think this way. Dieting doesn't mean that you can't enjoy food ever again, or that you will always be hungry. Split your meals up into 5-7 a day of smaller portions. This keeps your metabolism working and will help you be less hungry through the day.

Remember that when you starve yourself, your body holds onto any fat it has and you will lose muscle instead. This is very unhealthy.

Use this BMR Calculator to calculate your daily calorie needs, and then subtract 500 from that number if you want to lose about a pound per week. Combine this with exercise and you will lose fat and hold onto muscle. You will be surprised at the amount of calories you can eat as long as you exercise.

There are many great articles on this site that already deal with construction your diet; I suggest you read them through carefully.

7. Relying too much on supplements to grow

Without proper diet and training supplements will get you nowhere. Remember they are called SUPPLEMENTS because they SUPPLEMENT your diet. If your diet is in check and you have done everything you can to ensure that real foods play the dominant role, only then should supplements be considered.

Remember that companies like Muscletech and BSN shell out tons of money to get bodybuilders like Ronnie Coleman and Jay Cutler to endorse their products. On labels of these supplements you will find statements such as "Gain 7 pounds of muscle in 3 weeks" etc. Remember that these claims are usually exaggerated.

Before you buy any supplements, do research and educate yourself on what's worth it and what's not. It will save you a lot of money in the long run.

8. Neglecting Carbohydrates and Fats in your diet

Carbs and fat are an essential part in any diet, even weight loss diets. This is because carbohydrates are our main source of fuel. Without carbohydrates, particularly complex carbohydrates, the body would begin to use other sources and this could cause problems, such as becoming easily fatigued due to lack of glycogen.

Fats are needed as well. Fat is essential to maintain good health. That being said, you should get your fat from healthy sources, such as olive oil and nuts. Remember that trans-fats are bad for you no matter what, and should be avoided at all costs.

A final note...

There are a ton of helpful articles on this site, and you should read through all of them that pertain to your goals. Remember that nothing happens overnight, do not get discouraged and remember the things I mentioned above.

This article was written and researched by MastaShake15 from the M&S Forum.

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Comments (67)

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steven
Posted Tue, 01/25/2011 - 20:23

umm somebody told me that i'm suppose to take a week off from lifting every two weeks.. is this true? they also said that i would come back stronger is this true? i'm trying to gain abs but i can't sacrifice everything.. what exercises do u reccomend i do to see results?

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Steve's picture
Steve
Posted Wed, 01/26/2011 - 09:48

Hi Steven,

That's not true. A week off every 8 to 16 weeks is ok.

Regarding abs, it's almost all about diet. You want to focus on two things to maximize results:

1) Pushing yourself in the gym. Using good form, always push yourself on every set. When you can perform the recommended number of reps for a set, add weight.

2) Eating to maximize muscle retention while cutting fat. Here are two articles that can help:

http://www.muscleandstrength.com/articles/your-go-to-guide-for-cutting-f...

https://www.muscleandstrength.com/articles/how-to-create-a-bodybuilding-...

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steven
Posted Tue, 01/25/2011 - 20:30

i can lift 200 pounds in benching..my question is how do i get to 300 in benching in a few months? i also don't have a spotter is it possible to lift this by myself? i mean i got to 200 with nobody help.

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Steve's picture
Steve
Posted Wed, 01/26/2011 - 09:49

Hi Steven,

Adding 100 pounds to your bench in a few months is going to be virtually impossible. Try benching in a squat rack with the pins set at a depth to catch the weight if you fail...

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David
Posted Fri, 04/05/2013 - 00:40

I can bench 95... how long should it be until I can expect to lift 135 like all my friends? I'm 16 and I'm on your 3 day split routine. How much weight per week do you recommend I add?

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Ben
Posted Tue, 03/22/2011 - 10:29

Great article. I'm personally trying to make a whole lifestyle change before it gets to late (I'm 20). I'm still trying to figure out my diet but I've been going to the gym 4 to 5 times a week now for the past three weeks.

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Jimy
Posted Tue, 05/17/2011 - 13:21

hi, i want to gain weight so, what do you think about lifting heavy weights first hour in the morning or late at night. those are the options i have to exercise...

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barry
Posted Mon, 02/06/2012 - 11:47

ive bin trainin for about 5 month and dont seem to be getin anywhere the routine i do now is day one chest day two triceps day three no trainin day four biceps day five shoulders day six legs and cardio every session done for 45 mins to an hour eny advise on a routine also when lifthn the weights do u start lite then increase on 2nd and third set

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Toby
Posted Sat, 03/10/2012 - 10:36

I am training my CNS(central nervous system) on its own by lifting light weights without flexing ( or something like that).
Is there a way to know when I will need to rest for my neurons to be safe?
Please help about neuron safety info.

@barry When are toy working your back?

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Toby
Posted Sat, 03/10/2012 - 10:38

How do you know when you have over worked your CNS or neurons? I am working my motor system specifically with light weight, by lifting without flexing.... I know...
How do I know when I am damaging myself?

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Steve
Posted Wed, 03/14/2012 - 14:53

You're not damaging yourself. It's very difficult to over-stimulate the CNS with weight training. I've only experienced this a couple times in 25 years, and after a couple days I feel better.

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Toby
Posted Fri, 03/16/2012 - 20:11

Great, thanks for the input. I was getting a little worried. But I am also a little worried for my tendons. But I am sure I will know when they are tearing. At least I hope.
Lol, some times when I am doing shrugs, the top of my head tingles. Ever get that?

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Toby
Posted Fri, 03/16/2012 - 20:22

Can you tell me what it was like to damage your cns, should you be able to feel your nerves tingle when they aren't damaged?

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Steve's picture
Steve
Posted Tue, 03/20/2012 - 14:47

When I overtrain my CNS everything simply feels impossibly heavy.

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Alex Mello
Posted Sun, 05/20/2012 - 21:57

I have been lifting for 11 weeks on an intermediate workout plan on this site should i switch over to a beginner workout plan or just keep doing what im doing...An my workout is always less then an hour so i don't overtrain...

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Steve's picture
Steve
Posted Mon, 05/21/2012 - 10:25

Why are you considering switching?

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Alex Mello
Posted Sun, 05/20/2012 - 21:55

So i have been workout on an off for 2 years if i start back up on an intermediate workout plan on this cite would that be bad or should i switch to a beginner workout and i have been doing this workout plan for 10 weeks?

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ray
Posted Sun, 07/01/2012 - 14:16

Wow-here goes the honesty!I am in terrible shape.6' 370lbs.Type 2 diabetes high blood pressure.49yrs .old .Its time to do something about it.I have been on a low fat diet for 10 days and definitely am feeling better.I've been doing 8lb curls 3 sets a day,35reps and have already noticed a change.I know change doesn't happen overnight,am patient ,looking forward to a huge change.I have a very positive attitude and won't be denied.What suggestions do you have for me?Its never too late,I need instruction and advice.Thank you.

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anon
Posted Thu, 08/16/2012 - 21:13

Ray, at your weight, you should be focusing on dieting first and foremost, and cardio routines such as jogging, yoga, etc. I would suggest supervision from a doctor and/or trainer.

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Adam
Posted Wed, 09/05/2012 - 00:34

Hi ray, I would start slow. Diet is the most important part of your journey to good health. Add cardio and weight training at your comfort. There are countless websites, blogs, and videos showing you how to eat, do exercises, etc.

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drew
Posted Sun, 09/09/2012 - 21:03

hey im just starting out trying to maximize muscle and also loose a bit of weight (5 10 300lbs) ive been going about a week whats the best routine to keep to gain alot of muscle and loose weight all at once?

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legend_of_zen
Posted Mon, 09/24/2012 - 15:55

Does anyone take Energy Supplements? I've recently started using caffeine before my workouts, I've noticed a HUGE difference in intensity. It's been awesome. I prefer to use energy "shots." You can get some for a good price, my particular favorite is one called Eternal Energy shot. Super convenient.

Anyways, just wanted to share what's helped me

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balls
Posted Mon, 04/28/2014 - 17:14

nice plug

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Rafi
Posted Sat, 09/29/2012 - 14:59

Hi,

My name is Rafi, Im 16 and after working out on and off throught the teen years I decided to take a final step and lose fat. My routine is workout 5 times a week with 3 different workout rutines for 3 different parts of my body. For example I run the tredmill for 30 one day, the next I do weight training with 15 lb about 15-20 reps of each thing that I do, and I do crunches, situps, elbo-to-knee, ect kn the 3rd day. Do you think I should change what im doing or no? I use to be 206-210 more than a month ago and im not 193-195 lb. I lost a inch off my waist. Also I don't feel sore after weight lifting, I just feel like my arms give up. What do you think steve?

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michael
Posted Sun, 10/07/2012 - 07:58

How long does beginner's workout and intermediate before moving to next level....

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pingo
Posted Thu, 10/18/2012 - 09:51

helo.im 14.i would like to start weight training at home using only free weights i.e dumbells and barbells.some people have told me to lift low weight and low sets but high reps.i would to use my ten weeks holiday to do this.please advise me.will i gain muscle if i follow this routine: 3 days per week. monday wednesday and friday.can i work all body parts on one day or do i have to split it?

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Dave
Posted Sun, 10/21/2012 - 18:14

howya,ive just got a home gym which consist of weights bench cycle and cross trainer,im in my forties and would like to get toned up as the oul tits are a bit saggy.Any advise on program and diet would be very welcome? Thanks

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Mauricio Rivera
Posted Tue, 10/30/2012 - 19:40

my question is when to take a week off i train three times a week heavy around 2 to 3 reps for either 6 to 8 sets with extra exercises like jumps and Olympic type moves for time speed or endurance and i am an ectomorph if this helps

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Steve
Posted Fri, 11/09/2012 - 04:47

Do none of you read the article you just commented on?

Take a week off after around 12 weeks to give yourself a break.

If you are just getting into weights, start on a beginner workout for 3 months. Then switch to a intermediate workout.

To get 'toned' you need to build muscle, and lower your body fat enough to make the muscle definition visible.
To get 'big' you should continue to weight train, whilst attempting to eat 500 calories per day more than your daily maintenance amount. (Usually 2500 however eat clean aka not binge eat)
To loose weight, combine cardio and weight training and aim to eat 500 calories less per day.

Toby - If you'd damaged your CNS, you would know about it. You probably havent as it's difficult to do.

Ray - Congratulations on deciding to become healthy and make a change. However you will need to do more than light weight curls. Begin at a pace you are comfortable with, try cardio
(choose out of: running/walking/swimming/skipping/jump rope/trampoline/cycling/even star jumps) 3 times a week for 20 minutes each of those times. Also, add in weight training: (Overhead Press, Squats, Bench Dips, Dumbell Bench Press, Dumbell Rows, Renegade Rows, do 3 sets of 10 to 12 reps) twice a week. If you are unclear of any of those exercises, type them into google and you will get lots of video instructions.
As for diet, aim for 500 calories less a day (i.e maintenance calories should be 2500, so aim for 2000, this way you should aim for a loss of 1-2 pounds a week).
As you have Type II Diabetes however, I would recommend talking to your GP/Doctor before starting a diet.

As for everyone else, good beginner programmes are things such as Starting Strength, Mehdi 5x5, All Pro's. Google them.
Intermediate programmes would be push/pull split, upper/lower body split. Again, google the type of split you like and read the results.

If you are wanting to create your own routine, what I did was the following: write out all the muscles (Traps, shoulders, biceps, triceps, chest, abs, back, legs, calfs), then write out exercises which target those muscles. e.g. Shoulders: Clean and press, lateral raise, push press. Then select a day you want to work that muscle group. e.g. Monday = Chest and triceps, Tuesday = Back and biceps, Wednesday = Shoulders and Traps, Thursday = Legs, Friday = (Whatever muscle you want to work twice, for me, it's shouders again) then take the weekend off.

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PFC Swierkosz
Posted Thu, 12/06/2012 - 13:15

I take creatine, and a C4 pre workout. im maxing out at like 120 right now. i weigh about 125. im in the army national guard so i get alot of time in the gym and with PT. Is getting to weighing in at 160 in 7 months a realistic goal? and i wanna bench up to 150.

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Joey
Posted Thu, 12/06/2012 - 13:44

5 Pounds a month is certainly possible. Don't underestimate how much you'll need to eat. Make sure you're gaining at least a pound per week. You'll need to eat A LOT! 

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Chris
Posted Mon, 12/17/2012 - 16:57

The whole "eating 5-7 small meals a day to speed metabolism" myth has also recently been debunked. Just sayin!

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Whitney
Posted Fri, 12/21/2012 - 00:52

I'm 18 & weigh about 120 pounds. I want to get fit, not get skinny. . build muscle! Any recommendations on diet, weight lifting & workouts to try?
Thank you for your time. :)

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Adam
Posted Sun, 12/23/2012 - 20:32

Hey i was wondering i am 16, should you do drop sets at the end of your set lift you were suppose to do, like; lat pulldown 3x8-12 and 1 drop set

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lee
Posted Sat, 01/05/2013 - 12:24

Hi, My name is lee and I am 16 years old. I'm 6'1 and weigh 145 pounds. Over the years I would mainly focus on high intensity cardio. I am a very good runner but I want to start building muscle. Do you have any recommendations on diet and weight lifting?
Thank you

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Justin
Posted Thu, 01/10/2013 - 21:44

If i only lift weights at my dads and i only go there every other weekend what should i do when im not there?

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Richard1947
Posted Thu, 01/17/2013 - 23:56

Hi first time here I need some advice basically I'm a hard gainer I'm eating a lot and training also using MetRix size up I train four times a week is that ok ? Also how do I know I'm lifting too light? I'm dead lifting 60 kg although had to drop down because of stomach infection

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dave
Posted Tue, 01/22/2013 - 18:27

hi dave here im 36 im looking to start exercising,i weigh 14 stone im 5:9 in height average build but my main head ache is my stomach which is 41 inches across largest part of stomach.what program or exercises would you reccomend to use, to lose this or turn this fat to muscle.im also looking to start lifting weights to build muscle.i had a full check up and my doctor has given me all clear to do this,i would appreciate any advise on a weekly exercise program for a beginner.kind regards dave

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mnsjason
Posted Thu, 01/24/2013 - 18:01

Hey Dave! It sounds like you would be interested in a cutting routine, and there are plenty to choose from here: http://www.muscleandstrength.com/workouts/tone.html

Pick one that suits your schedule and circumstances. Consistency is key. You might also be interested in some general fat loss articles: http://www.muscleandstrength.com/articles/burning-fat.html

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John
Posted Mon, 01/28/2013 - 10:55

Hi I am 16 years old and trying to get big. I was originally 230 pounds but I cut to 185. My question is if I have a fat stomach should I weight train or continue with cardio?

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mnsjason
Posted Fri, 02/01/2013 - 17:04

Weight training itself is a great calorie burner, so I would recommend that you incorporate this into your weight loss goals. This is also a good time to focus on form, which is as important as the weight you lift. Being that you're looking to cut more weight, you wouldn't really be lifting heavy. There are plenty of good routines available for you to check out here: http://www.muscleandstrength.com/workouts/tone.html

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Robbyboy
Posted Fri, 02/01/2013 - 12:40

Hi guys I'm 14 im benching 60kg and I take 100% whey protein about 2 times a week after my gym sessions. I'm just wondering can you give me some tips on taking protein and doing my workout because I don't want to stunt my growth. Thank you.

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Michael Hollander
Posted Thu, 02/07/2013 - 10:29

Should I start lifting weight if I am only 14?I wanna train some muscles

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mnsjason
Posted Thu, 02/07/2013 - 19:00

You can weight train, as long as your doctor and parents give it a thumbs up.

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PFC Swierkosz
Posted Thu, 02/07/2013 - 19:02

Im taking Pro Hormones. Bad or Good for bulking up? Super DMZ RX 2.0

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Ryan
Posted Fri, 02/22/2013 - 01:18

You weigh 120lbs as a man. You don't need to even think about prohormones. If you can't get past 120lbs naturally, you are doing it completely wrong. Do you know what PCT is?

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Rinku Rawat
Posted Tue, 02/19/2013 - 01:30

really good article for begginer. its really helpfull for me.
thanks

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Gary
Posted Tue, 02/19/2013 - 12:10

We live in a STRANGE world... Where the POOR WALK miles to get food , and the RICH walk miles to DIGEST food.

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Justin
Posted Fri, 02/22/2013 - 22:24

Hey Steve man can you help me out I'm 20 lift pretty hard, but hardly achieve gains that I invision. It's extremely hard for me to bulk, I stick with a 45lbs dumbbells and have ahad maxx bunch around 260lbs which kills my shoulders. I'm 5'11 and really considering juicing but dont know where to get real gear? Took protein powders didn't care for the results while using them. Mostly just lift at home with Olympic curl bar and flat bench press. I'm very strong for no bigger than I appear, but I really want alot more volume in my arms biceps shoulders?

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Harry
Posted Thu, 03/07/2013 - 15:40

I recently heard that mass gainer protein should not be taken after a workout but before bed and that a protein powder should be taken after a workout instead. Is this true?

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